What Is Mindfulness ??

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What Is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment.

Mindfulness also involves acceptance, meaning that we pay attention to our thoughts and feelings without judging them—without believing, for instance, that there’s a “right” or “wrong” way to think or feel in a given moment. When we practice mindfulness, our thoughts tune into what we’re sensing in the present moment rather than rehashing the past or imagining the future.

Though it has its roots in Buddhist meditation, a secular practice of mindfulness has entered the American mainstream in recent years, in part through the work of Jon Kabat-Zinn and his Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, which he launched at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 1979. Since that time, thousands of studies have documented the physical and mental health benefits of mindfulness in general and MBSR in particular, inspiring countless programs to adapt the MBSR model for schools, prisons, hospitals, veterans centers, and beyond.

 

Why Practice It?

Studies have shown that practicing mindfulness, even for just a few weeks, can bring a variety of physical, psychological, and social benefits. Here are some of these benefits, which extend across many different settings.

Exerert Taken From University Of Berkley Content on Mindfulness: https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/mindfulness/definition#why-practice

REferences

Boccia, M., Piccardi, L., Guariglia, P. (2015). The meditative mind: A comprehensive meta-analysis of MRI studies. BioMed Research International; 2015, Article ID 419808.

de Vibe, M., Bjørndal, A., Tipton, E., Hammerstrøm, K.T., Kowalski, K. (2012). Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults. Campbell Systematic Reviews.  

Eberth, J., Sedlmeier, P. (2012). The effects of mindfulness meditation: A meta-analysis. Mindfulness; 3(174), 174-189.

Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E.M., Gould, N.F., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., et al. (2014). Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med; 174(3), 357-68.

Gu, J. (2015). How do mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction improve mental health and wellbeing? A systematic review and meta-analysis of mediation studies. Clinical Psychology Review; 37. 1–12.

Hempel, S., Taylor, S.L., Marshall, N.J., Miake-Lye, I.M., Beroes, J.M., Shanman, R., et al. (2014). Evidence map of mindfulness. Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports. VA-ESP Project #05-226.

Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Fortin, G., Masse, M., Therien, P., Bouchard, V. et al. (2013). Mindfulness-based therapy: A comprehensive meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Rev; 33(6), 763-71. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2013.05.005.

Kok, B., Waugh, C., Fredrickson, B. (2013). Meditation and health: The search for mechanisms of action. Social and Personality Psychology Compass; 7(1), 27–39.

Park, T., Reilly-Spong, M., Gross, C. (2013). Mindfulness: a systematic review of instruments to measure an emergent patient-reported outcome. (PRO) Qual Life Res; 22, 2639–2659.

Sharma, M., Rush, S.E. (2014). Mindfulness-based stress reduction as a stress management intervention for healthy individuals: A systematic review. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med;19(4), 271-86.